are so beautiful that it's difficult to begrudge them the extra
attention they require over the growing season. As cool fall
weather brings on their dormant period, one final job remains
for you: preparing them for winter. As
a group, hybrid tea roses are the most vulnerable to winter cold
important to stop fertilizing in late summer in our area. Make
the last feeding of the season two months before you expect
the first frost. Also refrain from major pruning, and stop cutting
blossoms, to avoid stimulating any more new, tender growth, which
will be killed by the first frost anyway.It is a rule of thumb
not to winterize till after two good hard frosts where
temperatures fall to at least 28°F, that would be late
November or into late December. Winter protection is designed
to keep plants consistently cold, not
warm: the objective
to hold thoroughly dormant canes at
a fairly constant temperature. Sudden, rapid, or frequent changes
in temperature present a serious hazard. Because moisture in
the canes expands as it freezes, quick freezing breaks cell
the canes and destroys plant tissue; repeated bouts of freezing,
thawing, and refreezing can ruin exposed canes.
Besides constructing artificial protection for your rose bushes,
you can minimize the effect of winter cold on your plantings
in other ways. First, remember that location and exposure influence
the intensity of cold and the extent of temperature fluctuation.Roses
planted against a southern exposure are kept warmer and protected
more then from a northern exposure. Cold air sinks, so valley
are colder than those on surrounding hillsides, and the lowest
parts of your garden are the coldest ones. Roses planted in such
low spots obviously run the greatest danger of freezing and should
be well insulated; they are also the most vulnerable to damage
by late freezes.
Second, be aware of the effects of wind. Cold wind dries out
canes: the rose's roots cannot take up water from frozen soil
that evaporated by wind, and the result is desiccated canes
that may die or fail to produce vigorous growth. Moreover,
wind is often distinctly colder than still air—the "wind
chill factor" mentioned by meteorologists. Gardens sheltered
by walls or by plantings that serve as windbreaks are likely
to be warmer than exposed gardens. If climbing roses are planted
a wall that provides shelter and raises temperatures by means
of reflected heat, they may be able to survive in regions slightly
beyond their normal hardiness limit.Some gardeners prefer to
wire mesh cylinders to surround each plant, which they fill
with mulch. Spray plants one final time with a
rose fungicide or lime sulfur spray, making sure to spray all
canes and the base
of the plant.
minimum winter protection
breakage of tall canes by winter winds by cutting them back to
30 to 36 inches and tying tips
together. Remove dead and fallen leaves around the plants. Hill
soil over the center of the plants in broad rounded mounds at
least 12 inches high and 12 inches wide.
approach is when planting your rose bush. One can plant bud
to three inches below soil level.
you need :
1. Tree roses, or standards, are vulnerable to
the cold, so you'll want to help them cope with winter. Begin
by setting four stakes in the ground around and just beyond the
mulched root zone.
2. Wrap a protective barrier of burlap around the stakes and
tie it in place with string. Then fill in the middle with an
insulating layer of shredded dry leaves or mulch
of your choice. The rose is now shielded from harsh winds.
way to protect tree roses is by burying them.........
Winterizing shrub roses
Canes can be tied in early winter to prevent wind damage. Although
most shrub roses are very hardy and require little winter protection,
you may wish to protect your roses with a 6" mound of
earth around the base of the plant. Bring in soil from elsewhere
for this purpose.
An alternative method of protecting miniatures and other container
grown roses is available to those with either an unheated garage
or room where there is a reasonable degree of control of the
winter temperatures. Keep in mind that most tender roses must
be maintained at temperatures above 20 degrees, preferably
in the 40s during the winter months. An alternative source
of heat may be necessary during extreme cold periods. The potted
plants are sprayed and watered, usally just enough to keep
moist.. The plants may respond to warm spring temperatures
and began to grow before it is warm enough to move the pots
back outdoors, so careful monitoring is accentual.One will
proberly find themselves moving the pots outside during those
warm spring days and back inside if there is a freeze warning
in the forcast. This will give you early roses.
thermometer put near the plant and check it through the winter
just to be sure of the temperature is a good idea for the contentment
of ones own mind.
Another method for overwintering your potted roses is to dig
a trench in your garden. Defoliate and tie up the canes and place
the plant (in its container) in the trench. Cover with four to
six inches of soil for insulation. Remember to leave a length
of twine above ground so you can dig it up again in the spring.
Believe it or not, feeding the
neighborhood birds is key to keeping your backyard ecosystem
in balance. We
rely heavily on our feathered friends to hang around and eat
the insects. It's part of the natural cycle.
Not only that, but they add a little beauty to what can be
a rather drab time of year. And they'll serve as reminders
that even during the winter months, things are still moving
around in your garden. Maybe you should be, too.
more information on Bird Feeding you might check Wild
for all your needs..